Skull Foramina

Bone Cranial fossa Foramina Vessels Nerves
frontal supraorbital foramen supraorbital artery, supraorbital vein supraorbital nerve
frontal anterior cranial fossa foramen cecum emissary veins to superior sagittal sinus
ethmoid foramina of cribriform plate olfactory nerve bundles (I)
ethmoid anterior cranial fossa anterior ethmoidal foramen anterior ethmoidal artery anterior ethmoidal vein anterior ethmoidal nerve
ethmoid anterior cranial fossa posterior ethmoidal foramen posterior ethmoidal artery posterior ethmoidal vein posterior ethmoidal nerve
sphenoid optic canal ophthalmic artery optic nerve (II)
sphenoid middle cranial fossa superior orbital fissure superior ophthalmic vein oculomotor nerve (III) trochlear nerve (IV) lacrimal, frontal and nasociliary branches of ophthalmic nerve (V1) abducent nerve (VI)
sphenoid middle cranial fossa foramen rotundum maxillary nerve (V2)
maxilla incisive foramen/incisive canals sphenopalatine artery nasopalatine nerve(V2)
palatine greater palatine foramen greater palatine artery greater palatine vein greater palatine nerve
palatine and maxilla lesser palatine foramina lesser palatine artery lesser palatine vein lesser palatine nerve
sphenoid and maxilla inferior orbital fissure inferior ophthalmic veins infraorbital artery infraorbital vein zygomatic nerve and infraorbital nerve of maxillary nerve (V2) orbital branches of pterygopalatine ganglion
maxilla infraorbital foramen infraorbital artery infraorbital vein infraorbital nerve
sphenoid middle cranial fossa foramen ovale accessory meningeal artery mandibular nerve (V3) lesser petrosal nerve (occasionally)
sphenoid middle cranial fossa foramen spinosum middle meningeal artery meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve (V3)
sphenoid middle cranial fossa foramen lacerum internal carotid artery, artery of pterygoid canal nerve of pterygoid canal
temporal middle cranial fossa internal acoustic meatus labyrinthine artery facial nerve (VII), vestibulocochlear nerve (VIII)
temporal posterior cranial fossa jugular foramen inferior petrosal sinus, sigmoid sinus glossopharyngeal nerve (IX), vagus nerve (X), accessory nerve (XI)
occipital posterior cranial fossa hypoglossal canal hypoglossal nerve (XII)
occipital posterior cranial fossa foramen magnum anterior and posterior spinal arteries, vertebral arteries medulla oblongata
temporal posterior cranial fossa stylomastoid foramen stylomastoid artery facial nerve